Orthographic processing is the system by which a beginning reader learns the structure of words through mental representations of word and letter formations. Most of us can think of a time when we wrote down a word and thought, “This doesn’t look right.” That’s orthographic processing at work. Sarah’s Teaching Snippets has a great description of the role orthographic processing plays in reading:
And here’s a short presentation from Australia’s Reading For Life organization:
Phonemic awareness has been identified as one of the five critical skills by The National Reading Panel. It’s the most basic building block of early literacy. T/TAC is providing a webshop designed for general and special education teachers to expand their knowledge in this area, including strategies for elementary and secondary levels, assessing phonemic awareness, and accommodations & assistive technology.
The K-12 Inclusive Practices Guide is an informational resource to support school divisions and parents looking to improve outcomes for students with disabilities by meeting their needs to the maximum extent possible in general education setting. It can be found by clicking on the button below: